Industrial Revolution – 1.0 to 4.0 to Future 5.0
Industrial Revolution: Modern industry has seen great advances since its earliest iteration at the beginning of the industrial revolution in the 18th century. The manner in that people manufacture things is altered by technological advancements. The industrial revolution is another name for the introduction of production technology, which was entirely new from earlier times.
For centuries, most of the goods including weapons, tools, food, clothing and housing, were manufactured by hand or by using work animals. This changed in the end of the 18th century with the introduction of manufacturing processes.
After moving quickly forward from Industry 1.0, the next industrial era, Industry 4.0, and moving towards future Industry 5.0. The overview of this evolution is covered in this section.
1.0 Industrial Revolution
The 1.0 Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century through the use of steam power and mechanization of production.
The mechanized version obtained eight times the volume in the same time as the basic spinning wheels that were previously used to create threads. The power of steam was well understood. The biggest development in raising human productivity was using it for industrial reasons. Steam engines could be utilized to power weaving looms instead of human labor. Because people and products could travel enormous distances in fewer hours, innovations like the steamship and (some 100 years later) the steam-powered train resulted in even more significant developments.
2.0 Industrial Revolution
The 2.0 Industrial Revolution began in the 19th century through the discovery of electricity and assembly line production.
Historians sometimes refer to this as “The Technological Revolution” occurring mainly in Britain, Germany, and America. During this time, new technological systems were introduced, most notably superior electrical technology which allowed for even greater production and more sophisticated machines. The first electric assembly line was built in 1870.
3.0 Industrial Revolution
The 3.0 Industrial Revolution began in the ’70s in the 20th century through partial automation using memory-programmable controls and computers.
Since the introduction of these technologies, we are now able to automate an entire production process – without human assistance. Known examples of this are robots that perform programmed sequences without human intervention.
4.0 Industrial Revolution
We are currently implementing the 4.0 Industrial Revolution. This is characterized by the application of information and communication technologies to industry and is also known as “Industry 4.0“.
It builds on the developments of the Third Industrial Revolution. Production systems that already have computer technology are expanded by a network connection and have a digital twin on the Internet so to speak. These allow communication with other facilities and the output of information about themselves. This is the next step in production automation. The networking of all systems leads to “cyber-physical production systems” and therefore smart factories, in which production systems, components, and people communicate via a network and production is nearly autonomous.
When these enablers come together, Industry 4.0 has the potential to deliver some incredible advances in factory environments. Examples include machines that can predict failures and trigger maintenance processes autonomously or self-organized logistics which react to unexpected changes in production.
And it has the power to change the way that people work. Industry 4.0 can pull individuals into smarter networks, with the potential of more efficient working. The digitization of the manufacturing environment allows for more flexible methods of getting the right information to the right person at the right time. The increasing use of digital devices inside factories and out in the field means maintenance professionals can be provided with equipment documentation and service history in a timelier manner, and at the point of use. Maintenance professionals want to be solving problems, not wasting time trying to source the technical information that they need.
In short, Industry 4.0 is a game-changer, across industrial settings. The digitization of manufacturing will change the way that goods are made and distributed, and how products are serviced and refined. On that basis, it can truly lay claim to represent the beginning of the fourth industrial revolution.
This exchange of information is made possible with the Industrial Internet of things (IIoT) as we know it today. Key elements of Industry 4.0 include:
- Cyber-physical system — a mechanical device that is run by computer-based algorithms.
- The Internet of things (IoT) — interconnected networks of machine devices and vehicles embedded with computerized sensing, scanning, and monitoring capabilities.
- Cloud computing — offsite network hosting and data backup.
- Cognitive computing — technological platforms that employ artificial intelligence.
Industry 4.0 starts to move towards Industry 5.0 when you begin to allow customers to customize what they want.
5.0 Industrial Revolution
Less than a decade has passed since the talk of Industry 4.0 first surfaced in manufacturing circles, yet visionaries are already forecasting the next revolution — Industry 5.0. If the current revolution emphasizes the transformation of factories into IoT-enabled smart facilities that utilize cognitive computing and interconnect via cloud servers, Industry 5.0 is set to focus on the return of human hands and minds to the industrial framework.
Industry 5.0 is the revolution in which man and machine reconcile and find ways to work together to improve the means and efficiency of production. Funny enough, the fifth revolution could already be underway among the companies that are just now adopting the principles of Industry 4.0. Even when manufacturers start using advanced technologies, they are not instantly firing vast swaths of their workforce and becoming entirely computerized.
The cost of a new product can be determined with the help of costing software for the manufacturing industry. It automates the costing processes and accelerates the time to market new products.
With Industry 5.0, you’ll be able to automate the manufacturing process better, which means you’ll have real-time data coming in from the field